Childhood is the most innocent phase in human life. It is that stage of life when the human foundations are laid for a successful adult life. Many children, instead of spending it in a carefree and fun-loving manner while learning and playing, are scarred and tormented. They hate their childhood and would do anything to get out of the dungeons of being children and controlled and tortured by others. They would love to break-free from this world, but continue to be where they are, not out of choice, but force. This is the true story of child labor.
Innocent children are employed by industries and individuals who put them to work under grueling circumstances. They are made to work for long hours in dangerous factory units and sometimes made to carry load even heavier than their own body weight. Then there are individual households that hire children as domestic help and beat and physically torture them when they make a mistake. The children are at times made to starve and are given worn out clothes to wear. Such is the story of millions of children in India painful and yet true.
The two primary reasons for the ever-growing social malice of child labor are poverty and lack of education. Poor parents give birth to children thinking them as money-making machines. They carry infants to earn more on the streets from begging. Then as they grow they make them beggars, and eventually sell them to employers. This malady is rampant across the length and breadth of India.
According to the United Nations stipulation in article 32 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child and the International Labor Organization, child labor is to be considered if "...States Parties recognize the right of the child to be protected from economic exploitation and from performing any work that is likely to be hazardous or to interfere with the child's education, or to be harmful to the child's health or physical, mental, spiritual, moral or social development."
In other words, child labor is any kind of work children are made to do that harms or exploits them physically, mentally, morally, or by preventing access to education. However, all work is not bad or exploitive for children. In fact, certain jobs help in enhancing the overall personality of the child. For example, children delivering newspapers prior to going to school or taking up light summer jobs that do not interfere with their school timings. When children are given pocket money earning oriented tasks, they understand the value of money, as well as respect it even more.
Child labor coupled with child abuse has today become one of the greatest maladies that have spread across the world. Each year statistics show increasing numbers of child abuse, more so in the case of the girl child. When a girl is probably abused by someone at home, to hide this fact she is sold to an employer from a city as domestic help, or then as a bride to an old man.
Though eradicating the menace seems like a difficult and nearly impossible task, immense efforts have to be made in this direction. The first step would be to become aware of the causes of child labor. The leading reason is that children are employed because they are easier to exploit. On the other hand, people sell their children as commodities to exploitive employers to have additional sources of income.
Most such employers pay a lump sum for the child and then keep him or her imprisoned within the factory unit till the child cannot work due to deteriorating health as a result of harsh living and working conditions. Lack of proper educational facilities is another reason that forces parents to send their children to work.
India accounts for the second highest number of child labor after Africa. Bonded child labor or slave labor is one of the worst types of labor for children. This system still continues in spite of the Indian Parliament enacting the Bonded Labor System (Abolition) Act in 1976. It is estimated that approximately 10 million bonded children laborers are working as domestic servants in India. Beyond this there are almost 55 million bonded child laborers hired across various other industries.
A recent ILO report says that about 80 per cent of child laborers in India are employed in the agriculture sector. Generally, the children are sold to the rich moneylenders to whom borrowed money cannot be returned. 'Street children' is another type of child labor where children work on the streets as beggars, flower sellers, etc, instead of going to school. Sometimes they are made to go hungry for days together so that people feel sorry for them and give alms.
Among the industries, glass and bangle industry is estimated to employ around 60,000 children who are made to work under extreme conditions of excessive heat. An equal number are estimated to be employed in matchbox factories, where they are made to work over twelve hours a day, beginning work at around 4 a.m., everyday. The brass and the lock industries also employ an estimated 50,000 children each. However, it is the carpet industry in India which employs the largest number of children estimated to be more than four lakhs.
The statistical information regarding child labor cannot be taken to be precise, as there are areas where no accounting has been done. There are innumerable workshops and factories that have cramped up rooms where children work, eat and sleep. No one from the outside world would even know that they are working there. However, people working towards the welfare of child laborers, with the tip-off from insiders, have been able to rescue a number of children from such units.
The National Policy on Child Labor formulated in 1987 seeks to adopt a gradual and sequential approach with a focus on rehabilitation of children working in hazardous occupations and processes. The Action Plan outlined the Legislative Action Plan for strict enforcement of Child Labor Act and other labor laws to ensure that children are not employed in hazardous employments, and that the working conditions of children working in non-hazardous areas are regulated in accordance with the provisions of the Child Labor Act.
It also entails further identification of additional occupations and processes, which are detrimental to the health and safety of the children. Government has accordingly been taking proactive steps to tackle this problem through general strict enforcement of legislative provisions along with simultaneous rehabilitative measures.
To bring the social malady of child labor under control, the government has opened a special cell to help children in exploitive circumstances. These cells comprise of social inspectors, as well as other administrative personnel, employed specifically to deal with child labor issues. Also, in recent years, the media has helped unravel what is happening in certain industrial units with journalists visiting such places with a hidden camera. The efforts made by sections of the government, social workers, non-government organizations and others to rescue and rehabilitate the children must be applauded.
In addition, each individual should also take responsibility of reporting about anyone employing a child below the age of fourteen years. However, considering the magnitude and extent of the problem, concerted efforts from all sections of the society is needed to make a dent. Measures need to be taken not only to stop this crime against children, but also to slowly, steadily and surely provide every child a well-deserved healthy and normal childhood.
Child labour is one of the major concerns for whole world. It is the running topic in news media and schools for which students get assigned to write essay, article or narrate speech. Teachers generally assign this topic to their students as they are the right people to spread awareness about this evil “child labour”. Here we are providing you some useful articles on Child Labour under various categories according to the words limit. You can choose any of them according to your need:
Child Labour Articles
Article on Child Labour 1 (300 Words)
The practice of work done by under age child for making his/her family capable to survive in this world with basic needs is called “Child labour”. This is now the biggest concern for whole world as children is the future of nation and if a child’s future is healthy, safe and secure then automatically nation’s future will be bright and successful.
Child Labour, its Causes, Consequences and Laws
Child labour is very harmful for young ones in order to their physical, moral and mental development. Though many reasons are there for child slavery or child trafficking but survey says that main cause of child labour are high level poverty and lack of access to good education. Development of the country is directly affected by this crime and child labour is a big reason of under-development of the country. A financially developed country provides all circumstances to its citizens that can help in making their new generations educated and healthy.
In India, many organizations are working for preventing this evil child labour but still it is growing in many illegal, unauthorized industries with some legal companies too. These organizations are of both types, hazardous and non hazardous. According to “The Childs Labour Prohibition and regulation act”, made in 1986, an age criterion for child in hazardous fields is fewer than 14 and non hazardous is under 17.
India is the 2nd highest populated country in the world with around 40% children under age 18 in which half of the total number are engaged in this crime of child labour. A huge number of poor parents are still not aware of the disadvantages of child labour that affects their children in terms of their education, heath, physical, mental and social growth.
We all should come together for tackling this one of the biggest problem ‘Child Labour’ and bring happiness and joy to our child’s face and Nation.
Article on Child Labour 2 (500 Words)
Child labour is the worldwide problem and it is the biggest matter of concern for our country too as future of our new generation is going towards darkness due to this social evil. Instead of enjoying their childhood, they are being forced, either because of the parental selfishness or because of the lack of their basic needs for survival, to go for work as labour on part time or full time basis at very low payment.
Percentage of child involved in Child labour
According to the National survey more than 13 million children are captivated in this major crime in which girls are two times more than boys, who are obsessed in this crime. Though, percentage ratio of the child labour has been decreased in comparison to the last few years but still this crime is swallowing our new generation’s future silently.
Areas where Child Labour Exists
There is a very huge working area in our country where child labour is thriving like domestic services, agriculture, hotel and restaurants, entertainment industry, coal mines, matchbox or firebox manufacturers, etc. This major crime named as “child labour” is depriving under age children from getting basic education or financially secure social life because children are involved in this crime at very low age of 5 to 7 years.
Extreme poverty, uneducated people, high population, some time greediness of their parents and also increasing demand for child labour due to their compatible body structure required for hazardous and exploitative work area like coal mines are the main cause of child labour.
Law and Penalty about Child Labour
Though many rules and acts are being formed and implemented time to time by the government to prohibit the child labour or child slavery, but still this evil is not banned completely in our country as according to the government rule children with or under age 14 can do non hazardous work and above 14 can do hazardous too. For this major crime, penalty for first offence is 50000 Rs. and for subsequent attempt it varies between 1 to 3 years of imprisonment.
How to Stop Child Labour
Country’s economic development can completely eliminate this major issue of child labour as in financially developed country, there would be no unemployment issues for their parents and availability of required education centres, etc. Government has declared many schemes for making its citizens aware about Child Trafficking and its impact on child’s and nation’s future like “integrated child development services”, “Mahatma Gandhi national rural employment history guarantee act”, “Kishore vaigyanik Protsahan Yojna”, etc. Non-governmental organizations are also working for preventing the child labour such as Bachpan Bachao Aandolan, Care India, Child Fund, Ride India, Talaash Association and many more.
To end this problem “child labour”, each and every citizen should come forward and take necessary steps. We can do many things to make people aware of this crime by organizing campaigns, road shows, free education for poor people, advertisements, provide employment to their parents and many more. Without having unity we could not be able to give our “future leaders” a successful, happy, bright and secure life.
Article on Child Labour 3 (600 words)
Child Labour is defined as the work done as part time or full time by the under age children to at low payment or to pay debt taken by their parents. Child labour is the worst crime in world which destroys children future completely and so the nation’s future too. A Child has full right to live his childhood by playing, studying and enjoying but due to some selfish people they are forced to do work as labour in unhealthy environment. Sometimes their real parents became their enemies because they force their children for labour work either due to selfishness or fulfil their basic needs for survival in the world.
Who is Responsible for Child Labour
In India, more than 5 million children are engaged in labour work that is completely not acceptable in order to make our country healthy, wealthy and socially developed. Survey says that, poverty and shortage of good primary schools are the main cause for child labour. Except that, mental state of parents also affects this crime. Until a parent is not aware of harmful impacts of this crime “child labour” on their children, it is almost impossible to end this crime. Extreme poor and rural areas are the sources of this evil “Child Labour” or “Child Slavery”. This trend has developed in rural areas to send their kids for work instead of sending them to school to get education.
What are the workspaces for Child Labour
There are so many places in India where this crime still exists like households, real estates, hotel and restaurants, manufacturing plants, handicraft industry, entertainment industry, coal & mines, etc. Some of them are too hazardous and dangerous for young ones which can physically and mentally damage them like exploitative occupation of coal mines and industries of matchbox and fireworks, but still children are working there in excess number.
Effects of Child Labour
Children are getting affected physically, mentally, socially, and morally due to this unacceptable crime “Child Labour”. It has targeted many countries in the form of undeveloped economic structure which has resulted in poverty, illiteracy, high population, corruption, unemployment, criminal activities, etc.
Laws and action to prevent child labour
Indian Government has introduced so many rules and regulation for handling this crime like “Factories act” in 1948, “Mines act” in 1952, “The Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) act” in 1986, “The Juvenile act” in 2000 and “The right of children to free and compulsory education act” 2009. So the percentage of child labour is decreased in country but still we have not ended this problem completely because there are so many firms where children are hired for labour work for no or less pay. Many NGOs are also working for preventing this problem like “Bachpan Bachao Aandolan”, “Child India”, “Care India”, “Talash Association” and many more. Government has declared punishment for this crime is 50000 Rs penalty for first attempt and one to three years of imprisonment for continuous second attempt.
Each and every citizen is responsible for this crime “Child Labour” either those who are taking benefit of labour work for less pay or those who are ignoring working children. Until we all shall not understand the harmful and dangerous effects of child labour, we cannot get rid of this. Firstly, parents should change their thinking about importance of education that how much is this important for their kids. We all should avoid child labour in our domestic area or work area and if we find this crime happening somewhere, we should take necessary steps to stop this. “There is a power in Unity” we should follow this rule in order to make our children happy, healthy and educated.
Article on Child Labour 4 (800 Words)
Child Labour refers the work done by under age children in order to live an ordinary life with essential needs. Instead of enjoying their moments of childhood, they are being forced to do work as Child Labour in an unhealthy environment. No parent want that their children work as a labour in their little age instead of playing, enjoying or getting good education for just getting a few amount in rupees; but still they are forced to do it due to the bad circumstances.
Child trafficking has been the main concern for Indian government since 1980s; thus, the percentage of labour child is declining day by day but this major crime is still not stopped completely. There are so many workspaces where this non-acceptable crime occurs like agriculture, house hold activities, restaurants and dhabas, real estate, unsafe manufacturing industries (glass, match box, fireworks or coal mines), etc.
Laws made by Government to Stop Child Labour
Several rules and regulations are being created and implemented time to time to end this evil “child labour”. These are “Factories act in 1948”, “Mines act in 1952”, “The Child Labour Prohibitation act in 1986”, “The Juvenille Justice of Children act” in 2000, “The Right of children to free and compulsory education act” in 2009, and “Child and Adolescent Labour Law in 2012”. Finally on April 2015, Union cabinet has given permission to work done by children below age 14 in non hazardous work places which does not affect their education and under 17 in hazardous work too. In case of first offence if this crime happens, penalty is about 50K Rs and in second, if attempt is continued, it is converted to one to three years of imprisonment.
Causes and Consequences of Child Labour in India
India is the 2nd largest populated country in the world and also ranks on 2nd number where child labour happens. The main question comes into our mind after hearing about the child labour is that “Who is Responsible”? After deep research, we find that main cause for existences of this major crime is extreme poverty, shortage of good primary education centres, increased population, growth of informal economy, ignorance of rules and laws that has been made to prevent “child labour” and increasing demand of labour at low payment. Generally, this crime is done by those greedy industrialists who want their work to be done with less or without cost. Some of poor parents don’t understand how much their children are affected by this crime regarding their physical, moral and mental development. A child is the future citizen of the country and getting education, playing, enjoying childhood is the birth right of his/her. If a child has secure, healthy and educated future then automatically it will improve our nation’s informal economy.
What are the Solutions to this Problem?
Several governmental and nongovernmental organizations are working for saving every child’s future. As a citizen of the country, we should also take necessary steps on our personal, professional and social level to stop this problem “Child Labour” by not allowing children under 14 in our house hold activities and by complaining if we find under age children working in nearby areas. These nongovernmental organizations (NGO’s) help needy people in manner to provide them free education through various facilities such as mid day meal, shelter, food, work options for their parents with healthy environment, etc. Some of the nongovernmental organizations are “Bachpan bachao Aandolan”, “Care India”, “Talaash Association”, “Ride India”, “Child Fund”, etc. Government has also emphasised this issue on a high level by implementing effective programs and schemes like “Integrated Child Development Services”, “Kishore Vaigyanik Protsahna Yozna” and many else.
Child Population that is stuck in “Child Labour”
Census 2011 says that even after declining the rate of child labour by 65%, it is found that around 5 million children (with age 5 to 14) are trapped in this non acceptable crime, in which girls are two times more than boys who are working in domestic services. According to the National Survey Sample Organization, ratio of child labour in Muslim category is 40% higher than Hindus and category of Dalit has child labour rate about 2.8% and Trible category with higher percentage rate with 3.8%. In conclusion, one in every eleven child in India is engaged in child labour.
Childhood is the biggest important phase of a child’s life and considered as an initial learning period for them which directly affects their future. Children require love, care, education, health, morals and financially secure future from their parents, and if a parent is not capable to give them such life; it gives rise to the “child labour”.