Compare And Contrast Essays Persuasive Essays

Students like writing compare and contrast essays as they have enough space for creativity. Such papers allow expressing your thoughts regarding some contradictive issues. It makes more fun to draw a parallel between two people or objects instead of describing a single issue.

It does not mean, however, that compare and contrast essay is an easy assignment to complete. There are so many possible compare and contrast essay topics, and some of them are hard to carry out.

Keys to Writing Compare & Contrast Essay

Before you start, it is crucial to choose topics that you really know well. Most often, you should find two things that have enough differences and similarities. You can take two pets, cats and dogs, while comparing a food (i.e., banana) with music (i.e., hard rock) basically, makes no sense.

Of course, if you're a part of Arts class where tutor appreciates uncommon parallelism, you may try your luck in your compare and contrast essay. You may talk about a sense of taste and the book of your favorite author. For instance, you may try to explain how it tastes to be Dracula. Or you can highlight how it smells to be Jean-Baptiste Grenouille from famous novel Perfume: The Story of a Murderer. Such creative comparisons are often appreciated and awarded with more than "A." Original and unexpected compare and contrast essay topics serve as your ticket to special universities where Arts are studied. Along with a personal statement written by professional writers, such essay will increase your chances to get enrolled.

Sources to be Used

In any case, writing about things to compare and contrast is an activity which requires your full attention and creativity. But when you have to compare things objectively, you should operate facts. Just like an argumentative essay, your text will need corresponding evidence. Search for the primary and secondary sources on the given topics before you start your first draft. Make sure these sources are no older than 5 years. They should be as relevant as possible. Don't forget to apply only credible sources to reveal your topics. Those are:

  • Textbooks
  • Books
  • Documentaries
  • Academic journals
  • Scientific magazines
  • Newspapers
  • Official reports

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How to Write a Compare and Contrast Essay

The traditional essay tips won't work with compare and contrast paper. We have gathered the best ideas online to share with students. If you write such assignment for the first time in your school or college life, read information from us.

You need to keep in mind the most common writing mistakes school and college students make to avoid them.

Start with the type of your compare and contrast essay topic. The topics are divided into 4 different groups:

  • Events (point to the differences and similarities of some historical events or episodes from the book)
  • Situations (choose to compare two different cases or episodes from your life)
  • People or fiction characters (choose the story)
  • Places (describe different locations)

No matter what comparison and contrast topics you write on, you need to keep to the traditional structure of the academic paper.

Start with a capturing and interesting hook. Outline what your topic is. Point to the main argument of your topic known as a thesis statement. This sentence or two usually come in the last sentence of your first paragraph.

  • Developing your arguments

You need to research your topic to choose three claims. Include evidence with the supporting points next to each argument. There should be up to three supporting points in each body paragraphs.

  • Refuting opponent's arguments

This time, you need to research the topic to view the facts that contradict your thesis. It is important to choose at least one example and develop a paragraph with the counter-argument as well. Write down maximum two opposing views followed by a couple of your refutations.

Restate your thesis statement and stress why your side is right once again.

You can learn more information on the structure of five-paragraph paper online.

Writing Tips Used by Smart American College Students

Moreover, use such helpful words as "because,""for example," "the writer mentioned...," "according to the book/movie," "from the given reading, we know that...," "on the following page, I have found..."

Examples:

"Why do you believe Americans will win the next Olympic games?"

"According to the reading I have found in my college library, their team showed better results than Canadians during the last games."

  1. Check possible examples of compare and contrast essays when working in your hook sentence. It has a great influence on the reader's decision whether to read your text on a specific topic or not. You may add numbers, figures, facts - whatever to make your reader interested. On the whole, there are many types of hooks:
  • Anecdotes and jokes
  • Literary quotes
  • Quotes of famous people
  • Lines from poetry
  • Setting scenes
  • Scientific facts
  • Questions and rhetorical questions
  • Metaphors and similes
  • Thesis statements

We think it is better to write a thesis statement in the last sentence of the argumentative essay’s introduction to conclude.

  1. Brainstorm all the time. The best way to decide on two good compare and contrast topics to analyze is to brainstorm and write down possible versions on a blank paper. Once you choose the subjects, you have to organize your thoughts. Prepare a table where you will mention both similarities and differences between the two subjects.
  2. Get professional help and examples. Find online educational services which help to choose some good sources on the given topic. Those can be movies, books, articles, etc. It is the last pre-writing stage which is known as a literature review. School and college students conduct in-depth research to enrich their compare and contrast essay drafts with important details. If you miss any words to finish your essay, a literature review is a brilliant way to reach the necessary word count.
  3. Don't forget about the formatting and in-text citations. Apply direct and indirect quotes to make your text longer and more persuasive. Citations will serve as the strong evidence to support your compare and contrast topics.

It was just a short preview of every section of your compare and contrast paper in English. Selecting the proper topics might take a while if you don't have a list of sample topics in front of you. We are ready to share the best compare and contrast essay subjects with you right now. You may use any example as the subject for your comparative essay when the theme is not assigned to you.

Compare and Contrast Essay Topics for College Students

We have divided the topics into several categories to make it easier to select one. The list starts with the most relevant subjects college students usually discuss. Other categories are full of great ideas too.

  1. School vs. College: What's New?
  2. Students Who Work and Unemployed Students: Who Takes the Best of This Life?
  3. Research Paper and Essay: What Is More Responsible?
  4. American English vs. British English: Major Differences
  5. What Makes Education and Employment Similar?
  6. SAT and TOEFL: Differences and Similarities
  7. How Are Master Degree and Ph.D. different?
  8. Persuasive and Argumentative Paper: Different or the Same
  9. Traditional Education or Remote Learning?

History and Political Compare and Contrast Essay Topics

  1. Comparison of Lincoln's and Washington' Ideas
  2. Renaissance vs. Baroque Epoch
  3. Anthropology vs. Religious Studies
  4. American Government vs. Soviet Government
  5. US President vs. UK Prime Minister
  6. North and South Before the Civil War in the US
  7. Henry VIII vs. King Louis XIV
  8. Fascism and Nazism: Different or the Same?
  9. World War I and World War II: Difference in Events

Compare and Contrast Topics for Beginners

  1. Compare Apple and Orange
  2. Night Time and Day Time: Advantages Each Period Has
  3. What Makes People Completely Different from Animals
  4. Living in Poverty and Being Rich
  5. Coffee and Tea: The Effects of Both
  6. Living in Big City or Staying in Village
  7. Feeling Sad against Feeling Lonely
  8. Differences and Similarities between American and British Traditional Dishes
  9. Camping in the Woods or Resting by the Sea?

Opposite Things to Compare and Contrast

  1. Females and Males
  2. Coke vs. Pepsi
  3. Red vs. White
  4. Country in War Compared to Country in Peace
  5. Driving a Car or Riding a Bus
  6. Love and Hatred
  7. Bad and Good Aspects of Overwork
  8. Moon and Sun
  9. Dolls or Soft Toys: What Should Parents Buy to Their Children?

Ideas Teenagers May Use in Their Papers

  1. Childhood vs. Adulthood
  2. Living at Home or Living on Campus
  3. Reading or Watching Screened Versions: What Teens Prefer
  4. Working in Office or Being a Freelancer?
  5. Academic Writing vs. Scientific Writing
  6. TV Shows and Radio Shows: What Is More Trendy?
  7. Education or Professional Career: What Is Easier and What Is More Difficult?
  8. Greek and Roman Culture: Differences and Similarities
  9. Comparing Art and Science Classes

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IT & Social Media Compare & Contrast Ideas

  1. E-mail or Traditional Mailing: What Will Happen in the Future?
  2. Online vs. Traditional Commerce
  3. Online Dating vs. Real-Life Relations
  4. Computer Games, Video Games, or Smartphone Games
  5. Choosing between New York Times and Forbes
  6. FaceBook or MySpace: Which Social Network Offers More Opportunities?
  7. Searching for Job Online or Traditionally?
  8. Using Online Writing Services against Traditional Writing Services
  9. Benefits Marketing Specialists Get from Using Online Advertising vs. Traditional One

Movie & Music Compare and Contrast Themes

  1. Buffy, the Vampire Slayer or Charmed?
  2. Books against Movies: Why Reading Is Preferred
  3. Jazz vs. Rock
  4. Sam vs. Frodo Baggins (Lord of the Rings)
  5. Gandalf vs. Dumbledore
  6. American Cinematography vs. Soviet Union Cinematography
  7. Thor and Loki: Friends or Enemies According to Movie of 2009?
  8. Horror Films and Thrillers: What's in Common?
  9. Harry Potter or Draco Malfoy?

Literature Compare & Contrast Ideas

  1. Comedy vs. Drama
  2. Greek vs. Roman Mythology
  3. Beauty and the Beast: Lessons Learned
  4. Prose or Lyrics: What People Prefer More and Why?
  5. Poetry of XIII Century and Nowadays Lyrics
  6. Shakespeare's Othello Compared to Hamlet
  7. Fiction or Non-Fiction Literature: When You May Need Different Types?
  8. Lord of the Rings and Harry Potter: Which Fantasy Book Is Better?
  9. Literature of the Past against Literature of the Future

Scientific Compare & Contrast Ideas

  1. Oven vs. Microwave
  2. Physics vs. Chemistry
  3. Our Galaxy, Milky Way, and Andromeda, the Closest
  4. What Makes Earth Different from Mars
  5. First Mission to Moon and Second Visit: What Are the Differences and Similarities?
  6. Thomas Jefferson or DaVinci: Whose Innovations Matter More?
  7. Earthquakes or Tsunami: Which Consequences Are Worse?
  8. Limited Control Tools or Software with Fool Access to Navigation
  9. Formulas of Two Different Chemical Reactions

Popular Compare & Contrast Ideas

  1. Soccer vs. Football
  2. Chinese vs. Korean
  3. Public Opinion vs. Personal Point of View: Discuss Subjectivity & Objectivity
  4. Juice and Water
  5. Light Beer vs. Dark Beer: Which One Is More Popular?
  6. Anorexia Nervosa and Obesity: What Is More Dangerous?
  7. Marriage and Divorce: Two Sides of the Coin
  8. Windows or Linux: Paid vs. Free OS
  9. Marxism vs. Other Ideas of Capitalism

Philosophy Compare & Contrast Ideas

  1. Is Home Really a Better Place Than Miami Beach?
  2. Life and Death: Various Philosophical Views
  3. Living in Your Dreams or Living in Reality: Pros and Cons
  4. Friends and ... Where Is the Edge?
  5. Physical & Mental Needs of Human Beings
  6. Reality or Fantasy World?
  7. Main Philosophical Ideas of Macbeth against the Main Ideas of Hamlet
  8. Dogs and Humans: They Are More Similar Than We Think
  9. Sources with Free Access and Rights Reserved: Should We Protect Intellectual Property?
  10. Greek Philosophers vs. Roman Philosophers

Compare and contrast essay topics for college students might be tricky to choose. The whole process of academic writing is even longer and more complex. Online help from expert writers will save you a plenty of time. You just need to order a good essay from experts with the highest academic degrees in a variety of fields.

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Almost all students will at some time be expected to write an essay, or some other kind of argument, e.g. a review or discussion section, in a longer piece of writing. In English, an essay is a piece of argumentative writing several paragraphs long written about one topic, usually based on your reading. The aim of the essay should be deduced strictly from the wording of the title or question (See Academic Writing: Understanding the Question), and needs to be defined at the beginning. The purpose of an essay is for you to say something for yourself using the ideas of the subject, for you to present ideas you have learned in your own way. The emphasis should be on working with other people's ideas, rather than reproducing their words, but your own voice should show clearly. The ideas and people that you refer to need to made explicit by a system of referencing.

According to Linda Flower (1990, p. v), "students are reading to create a text of their own, trying to integrate information from sources with ideas of their own, and attempting to do so under the guidance of a purpose."

2. Main text

English essays are linear:

- they start at the beginning and finish at the end, with every part contributing to the main line of argument, without digressions or repetition. Writers are responsible for making their line of argument clear and presenting it in an orderly fashion so that the reader can follow. Each paragraph discusses one major point and each paragraph should lead directly to the next. The paragraphs are tied together with an introduction and a conclusion.

The main text of the essay has three main parts:

  1. An introduction
  2. A main body
  3. A conclusion

    The introduction consists of two parts:

    1. It should include a few general statements about the subject to provide a background to your essay and to attract the reader's attention. It should try to explain why you are writing the essay. It may include a definition of terms in the context of the essay, etc.
    2. It should also include a statement of the specific subdivisions of the topic and/or indication of how the topic is going to be tackled in order to specifically address the question.

    It should introduce the central idea or the main purpose of the writing.

    The main body consists of one or more paragraphs of ideas and arguments. Each paragraph develops a subdivision of the topic. The paragraphs of the essay contain the main ideas and arguments of the essay together with illustrations or examples. The paragraphs are linked in order to connect the ideas. The purpose of the essay must be made clear and the reader must be able to follow its development.

    The conclusion includes the writer's final points.

    1. It should recall the issues raised in the introduction and draw together the points made in the main body
    2. and explain the overall significance of the conclusions. What general points can be drawn from the essay as a whole?

    It should clearly signal to the reader that the essay is finished and leave a clear impression that the purpose of the essay has been achieved.

Essays are organised differently according to their purpose. Essays can be divided into the following main types.

1. The descriptive essay

a. Description of object or place

b. Describing a sequence of events.

c. Describing a process

d. Describing and explaining

2. The argument essay

a. The balanced view

b. The persuasive essay

c. The to what extent essay.

3. Compare and contrast essays

a. The contrast essay

b. The compare essay

c. The compare and contrast essays

1. The descriptive essay

a. Description of object or place

Describe essays require you to state the appearance of something, or to state the major characteristics of it. Note the word state i.e. you are not asked to comment on the subject or to give your personal point of view on it. Questions are often introduced by:

Describe ....
Narrate...
Tell....

Plan:

Introduction

major aspects of the subject.

description of aspect A

description of aspect B

etc.

Conclusion

See: Academic Writing: Functions - Describing objects, locations & directions

b. Describing a sequence of events.

Describing a sequence of events is simply telling a story.

State clearly when events happened or how one event caused another. Questions may be introduced by:

Give an account of...
Trace...
Examine developments in...

Intoduction

First situation

then A happened

then B happened

etc.

Final situation

Conclusion

See: Academic Writing: Functions - Reporting & narrating

c. Describing a process

This is like telling a story but here the connections between the facts must be clearly shown and explained. Group the events into steps or stages.

Examples of such questions are :

Explain/What is the connection between...
Describe the procedures by which...

Definition of process

Main equipment/Main steps

Step One

leads to

Step Two

leads to

Step Three

Conclusion

Summary of process

See: Academic Writing: Functions - Describing processes & developments

d. Describing and explaining

Some of the words and phrases which introduce this type of description are:

Explain the causes/reasons....
Account for....
Analyse the causes....
Comment on (the reasons for)....
Show that....
Show why...
Examine the effect of....
Suggest reasons for....
Why did...?
What are the implications of...?
Discuss the causes of....
Discuss the reasons for....

When we are asked to describe or explain causes, factors, functions or results, the examiner wants us to group our facts. Similar causes are put together, for instance the economic causes of a situation. There are basically two main ways to organise this type of essay.

The question is "Describe the causes of A. Illustrate your answer by specific examples."

i.

Introduction to causes of A

Cause 1 + example

Effects 1

Cause 2 with example

Effects 2

Cause 3 with examples

Effects 3

Cause 4 with example

Effects 4

etc.

Conclusion

ii.

Introduction to causes of A

Causes + examples

Transition

Effects

Conclusion

See: Academic Writing: Functions - Expressing reasons and explanations / cause and effect

2. The argument essay

There are two main methods of presenting an argument, and in general the one you choose will depend on exactly how the essay title is worded.

a. The balanced view

If the essay title begins with something like:

Give the arguments for and against....
Assess the importance of....
Examine the arguments for and against....
What are the advantages and disadvantages of...?
Evaluate....
Critically examine the statement that....
To what extent is...true?

or even just the word

Discuss....

then it is clear that a balanced essay is required. That is to say you should present both sides of an argument, without necessarily committing yourself to any points of view, which should always be based on evidence, until the final paragraph.

At its simplest your essay plan will be as follows:

Introduce the argument to the reader.

e.g. why it is particularly relevant topic nowadays
or refer directly to some comments that have been voiced on it recently.

Reasons against the argument

Reasons in favour of the argument

After summarising the two sides,
state your own point of view,
and explain why you think as you do

See: Academic Writing: Functions - Arguing and discussing; - Expressing degrees of certainty; - Generalising; - Comparing and contrasting: similarities and differences; - Giving examples

b. The persuasive essay

This second type of argumentative essay involves stating your own point of view immediately, and trying to convince the reader by reasoned argument that you are right. Perhaps the essay title will begin with something like:

Give your views on....
What do you think about...?
Do you agree that...?
Consider whether....

Or perhaps the title itself will be so controversial that everyone will hold a definite opinion in one direction or another.

The form of the essay will be, in outline, as follows:

Introduce the topic briefly in general terms,

and then state your own opinion.

Explain what you plan to prove in the essay.

Reasons against the argument.

Dispose briefly of the main objections to your case.

Reasons for your argument

the arguments to support your own view,

with evidence and examples.

Conclusion - Do not repeat your point of view again.

End your essay with something memorable

e.g. a quotation or a direct question.

See: Academic Writing: Functions - Arguing and discussing; - Expressing degrees of certainty; - Generalising; - Comparing and contrasting: similarities and differences; - Giving examples

c. The to what extent essay

In this type of essay the examiner is giving you a statement. It is obviously true but truth is never 100%. You must decide how true it is? Are there some areas where you disagree with the statement. If so, describe how far you agree, and your points of agreement and disagreement. Words used in the question are:

To what extent ....
How true ....
How far do you agree....

A possible answer structure is:

Introduction to problem

Aspect 1 - true

Aspect 1 - false

Aspect 2 - true

Aspect 2 - false

Aspect 3 - true

Aspect 3 - false

etc

Conclusion

a ‘subtraction’ sum

See: Academic Writing: Functions - Arguing and discussing; - Expressing degrees of certainty; - Generalising; - Comparing and contrasting: similarities and differences; - Giving examples

3. Compare and contrast essays.

a The Contrast essay

Contrast or distinguish between questions usually present you with two or more terms, instruments, concepts or procedures that are closely connected, and sometimes confused. The purpose of the essay is to explain the differences between them. The question may be of the form:

Contrast ....
Distinguish between ...
What is the difference between....
What are the differences between....
How are ... and ... different?

A suitable answer structure would be:

Introduction to differences between A and B

Contrast A & B in terms of first difference

Contrast A & B in terms of second difference

Contrast A & B in terms of third difference

etc

Conclusion

See: Academic Writing: Functions - Comparing and contrasting: similarities and differences; - Defining; - Generalising; - Giving examples

b. The Compare essay

Compare questions usually present you with two or more terms, instruments, concepts or procedures that are closely connected, and sometimes confused. The purpose of the essay is to explain the similarities between them. Words used are:

Compare ....
What features do ... and ... have in common?
What are the similarities between....
How are ... and ... similar?

A suitable answer structure would be:

Introduction to similarities between A and B

Compare A & B

in terms of first similarity

Compare A & B

in terms of second similarity

Compare A & B

in terms of third similarity

etc.

Conclusion

See: Academic Writing: Functions - Comparing and contrasting: similarities and differences; - Defining; - Generalising; - Giving examples

c. The compare and contrast essay

Compare and contrast essays require you to indicate areas in which the things to be compared are similar and different.

Compare and contrast....

There are two main ways to answer such questions:

i.

Introduction to differences and similarities between A and B

Difference 1

Difference 2

Difference 3

etc.

Transition

Similarity 1

Similarity 2

Similarity 3

etc.

Conclusion

ii.

Introduction to differences and similarities between A and B

Aspect 1 - similarities

Aspect 1 - differences

Aspect 2 - similarities

Aspect 2 - differences

Aspect 3 - similarities

Aspect 3 - differences

etc

Conclusion

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