Indo Pak Comparison Essay

India And Pakistan Relations Essay

India’s relation with Pakistan has definitely seen more low points than the high points. The bitter-sweet relation shared between the two nations has neither made significant progress nor achieved any major breakthroughs since its 65 years of Independence.
Today, India’s economic progress and political stability, together with its size, have lifted it to the status of a world power. Pakistan, on the other hand, is dogged by an unhappy past marked by repeated military interventions that prevented democracy from taking root.
India surpasses its neighbor when it comes to excellence in energy, aviation, scientific innovations, education, information and technology, communications and also on the political and social front. The CIA World Fact Book 2012 has commented on Pakistan’s unhappy state of affairs by stating that, “decades of internal political disputes and low levels of foreign investment have led to slow growth and underdevelopment in Pakistan.”
But, apart from the differences in the aforementioned indicators, they also share similarities. Both the nations were born out of a violent struggle and share a common history which is complex and intertwined in more than ways than one. They also account for the majority of the world’s poor and both are also aware of each other’s nuclear prowess. Both the regions today are torn by sectarian strife which is plaguing not only the two nations but has spilled over to other nation-states too, regionally and globally.
It would be unfair to say that attempts have not not made by the respective nations to reconcile their differences and move towards amity, peace and friendship. A host of bilateral discussions, round table meetings, conferences and summits have been held, agreements have been signed, symbolic gestures of friendship been made either by boarding a bus to Lahore or by talks of granting the most favored nation status. Sadly, none of these attempts have borne the desired result one would have hoped for.
On many different occasions, India has taken the lead to restore peace in the region through dialogue and negotiation with its neighbor by absorbing the set-backs that may have arisen due to the repeated terrorist attempts made on the Indian soil or the breach of its Line of Control. Though the two nations have been at loggerheads, India has always reached out to its neighbor; yet, it is not only the political tensions but also the internal domestic compulsions in Pakistan which thwart any attempts at establishing peace. Thus, despite efforts to move towards peace, it is observed that some incident or the other often derails the process.
The two most important issues that continue to cast a shadow on Indo-Pak relations are Kashmir and terrorism. In order to move forward on these issues, top level engagement is a must. With respect to Kashmir, the Government of India needs to build on its promises and respect the wishes of the Kashmiri people in order to gain acceptance from the people. It is...

Loading: Checking Spelling


Read more

India and Pakistan: The First Fifty Years

2526 words - 10 pages India and Pakistan: The First Fifty Years Part I: Political Development India: Democratic progress and problems One of the strengths of India politically over Pakistan is said to be the fact that it has elected to take on a democratic system of government. There are several issues, however, with India as a democracy due to several factors including numerous cases of malpractice and corruption in electoral...

Cultural Differences Between India and Pakistan

1032 words - 4 pages Cultural differences have been the most influential sources of conflict in world history. These cultural differences arise due to the lack of understanding between the parties involved (Gumperz, 1998). However, deliberately acquired cultural awareness is the biggest weapon in overcoming the negative factors that arise because of differences in culture (Wunderle, 2006). The objective of this assignment is to contrast the cultural difference...

Fighting in Kashmir Revives Rancor in Pakistan and India (Summary)

916 words - 4 pages Fighting in India over land has always been an issue dating back to the second millennium and this sometimes has detrimental effects on trading. Today Pakistan is separate from India where as it was part of India many years ago. Pakistan and India often fight over Kashmir today and it is affecting their trade routs because neither...

Gender Relations and Inequality in India

2320 words - 9 pages Gender relations and inequality is experienced through lack of educational matters and unfair treatment of women and children, thus in many cases forcing women to run households, while the men are away at work in various seasonal migration jobs at unviable wages. As defined in a classic article, income inequality is “the distribution of total income amongst the represented population” (Gehring13). In outlined studies; evidence can conclude...

India and Pakistan: a modern history of the antagonistic relationship between nuclear neighbors and what it could mean for the future of the free world.

3218 words - 13 pages The conflict between India and Pakistan has been going on since their partition in 1947. With the recent developments in both countries' nuclear arsenals as well as the increase in insurgent movements in the disputed territory of Kashmir, it has now escalated to a point where the security of not only South Asia but also the entire world is threatened. The United States' lack of credibility in the region has seriously infringed upon their...

"Religious Wars of India" looks at the wars in Kashmir and Ayodhya between India, Pakistan, and Afghanistan. It is written in an argumentative style with an emphasis on new compromises.

2336 words - 9 pages Religious Wars of IndiaThe beginning of the new millennium has been a heart wrecking one for the peace loving people of the world. The year 2001 saw dispute, destruction, and death, all in the name of religion.As we usher in a new year with high hopes of peace, India and Pakistan are again on the brink of a war! Why are these two siblings always at loggerheads with each other? Is it because Pakistan is an Islamic nation and India...

Pakistan: The Country with Unpredictable Future

952 words - 4 pages Pakistan is a country that, since its creation, has been rooted in turmoil. Since 1988, power has been divided among the president, the prime minister and the military. Tensions between the three, however, have led to many changes of government and several elections. No elected leader has ever completed a full term in office. Stringent relationship with India over the

Pakistan Should Be Open to Trade with Inida

2322 words - 9 pages Trading is a process of buying, selling and exchanging of necessities within a country or between different countries. Trading helps in boosting of the economy of a country and fulfils the requirements which the country lacks. It also makes it possible for a country to sell its surplus product the in international market, thus act as an income source for a country. Most Favoured Nation is a trading status that one country gives to another by...

Indo-Pakistani Conflict

4084 words - 16 pages PAGE 2 [Type text] [Type text] [Type text] Gill PAGE 10 The province of Kashmir has remained a point of contention between India and Pakistan resulting in mounting antagonism in the region. The conflict ignited when tensions heightened between the Indian National Congress (INC), which represented the majority Hindu population, and the All-India Muslim League (AIML), which argued for a separate homeland from Hindu Indians....

The Causes of tension Between Hinduism and Islam

1226 words - 5 pages While analyzing past interactions between Hinduism and Islam, we can see some outstanding tensions that arise from territorial conflict between India, a predominantly Hindu country, and Pakistan, a predominantly Muslim country. The primary focus of this tension arises from a common area – Kashmir/Jammu. The conflict in this region can be accredited to the differences in religion. The conflict in Kashmir stems from 1947. This was the year the...

Pakistan and its Failing State Status

1750 words - 7 pages States that have been classified as a "failed" or "failing" are ones in which the present government is unable to exercise its authority or provide for its citizens basic needs. Other factors that exacerbate a nation's status as a failed states include wide-spread corruption, and steady economic decline. Although once a nation with some much promise and potential to succeed in the world, Pakistan has (especially within the past decade)...


economic policy reforms which liberalized the economy. That, as well as better overall economicgovernance, led to economic growth, but it began to slow down as political corruption returned.

India and Pakistan are virtually exact opposites in terms of political economy. India has had astable government which, while not initially, eventually encouraged and promoted economicliberalization, while Pakistan’s economic problems stem from its inability to maintain a stablegovernment for more than a few years.

When exploring the history of Pakistan, one will quickly learn it has rarely been able to keep ademocratic regime in place due to near constant “power struggles among presidents, prime ministers,and army chiefs” (Kronstadt 13). Just as how the economy was never able to become stable because of Pakistan’s political unrest, a democratic regime was never stable for the very same reasons. For a large part of its history, Pakistan has had nondemocratic, military-based, dictatorial regimes that, on threedifferent occasions, seized power outright from civilian governments. Since 1970, five consecutivegovernments were voted into power, “ but not a single time has a government been voted out of power  — all five were removed by the army through explicit or implicit presidential orders” (Kronstadt 13).As of recent, we have seen the first ever time where a military leader, in this case Pervez Musharraf,has stepped down from his post as a military dictator and taken on a solely civilian role in thegovernment. This set the stage for Pakistan to shift to a democratic regime and has allowed for Pakistan’s current leader, Asif Ali Zardari to become president of Pakistan.

In contrast, India has had a stable democratic regime since its independence and the democraticregime as a way to govern, has its roots, somewhat, in ancient India. The ancient Romans and Greekswho traveled to India reported in their work “of numerous cities and even larger areas being governedas oligarchies and democracies” (Muhlberger 2). This is further shown as in 1903 “T.W. Rhys Davids,the leading Pali scholar, pointed out in his book 

Buddhist India

that the Canon depicted a country inwhich there were many clans, dominating extensive and populous territories, who made their publicdecisions in assemblies, moots, or parliaments” (Muhlberger 2). Thus a main reason why India choseto be a democratic regime is rooted in its history. As of current, India is experiencing problems due toits caste system as well as poverty and unemployment. The political party, the Indian NationalCongress, is supportive of affirmative action to help those who are socially or economicallydisadvantaged, thus these people now have a political outlet where they can tell of and have their grievances addressed.

Pakistan and India are quite different in terms of political regimes. One has had near constant political upheaval, due to its constant struggles between factions while the other has democracy,somewhat, rooted in its history. However. both states are


alike in that both have major challengesto state sovereignty caused by non state actors.

India is currently dealing with the Naxalite-Maoist insurgency as well as terrorists. Pakistan isthreatened only by terrorists. When it comes to India, the Naxalite Maoists may not be mentioned inthe news, but they are a serious threat to the government of India and the general welfare of the state.

India’s internal security is threatened by Muslim as well as Maoist terrorists. The main reason whyIndia has Muslim terrorists is due to the economic inequality experienced by the Muslim community ascan be seen by the “glaring socio-economic disparities between the two major religious groups[Muslim and Hindu]” (Alam 3). Terrorist groups “operating in the guise of social justice” (Fair 1) willdefinitely be able to attract Muslims who feel that they are being purposefully shut out from India’seconomic boom. The Maoist insurgency affects India’s political sphere in that some political parties“come to a tacit agreement with the Maoists” (Tharu 97) and then “the Maoists target the candidates of 

One thought on “Indo Pak Comparison Essay

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *