Bibliography Software For Pages

What is citation management software?

Citation management software, also called “bibliographic software”, allows you to organize, store, and retrieve information, such as citations for books, articles, and Web sites. You can simultaneously import records and PDFs from databases. You can add abstracts, keywords and other functions that enhance and improve the efficiency of your project. The citation manager then works with word-processing software to insert properly formatted footnotes or citations into a paper and create a bibliography.

What it won't do:

It will not always create a perfect bibliography or reference list according to your favorite style. For example, you will still have to know APA, MLA, Chicago or Turabian and check over your results. It will not correct errors or omissions that were in the database from which you retrieved references. It will not always know what type of material you are putting into it from a database (e.g. it cannot always distinguish a proceeding from a book).

What are online citation builders?

These are free, online sites (such as EasyBib) that allow you to quickly create citations and bibliographies but not to store information or link to word-processing software.  

How do I know which tool to use?

There is no one program that currently works best to support everyone's needs. Online citation builders are helpful when you are in a rush and have a small number of sources to manage. Citation software is more time consuming but extremely useful for handling larger. more complex citations and for its word processing compatibility. There are a variety of citation software tools available and each has its own strengths.  The AU Library provides EndNote as a free download to the AU community. The Library also offers support for Zotero and Mendeley, two other citation software tools. Please see the comparison table of citation software below. 

The following tables compare reference management software. Researchers using the tables below for comparison in order to evaluate and choose reference management software should note the product's "latest stable release date." An older release date suggests the product is not currently being supported and users may encounter technical issues and little to no technical support.

General[edit]

In the "notes" section, there is a difference between:

  • web-based, referring to applications that may be installed on a web server (usually requiring MySQL or another database and PHP, Perl, Python, or some other language for web applications)
  • a centrally-hosted website
SoftwareDeveloperFirst public releaseLatest stable release dateLatest stable versionCost (USD)Free softwareLicenseNotes
AigaionAigaion developers2005-012013-05-082.2FreeYesGNU GPLweb-based (Apache, PHP, MySQL)
BebopALaRI Institute2007-11-082009-11-101.1FreeYesBSDweb-based BibTeX front-end (Apache, PHP, MySQL)
BibBaseChristian Fritz20052013-07v3FreeNoProprietarycentrally hosted website, intended for publication pages
BibDeskBibDesk developers2002-042017-11-281.6.13FreeYesBSDBibTeX front-end + repository; Cocoa-based; integration with Spotlight
BiblioscapeCG Information19972015-06-2210.0.3.6US$79-299[1]NoProprietaryODBC; web access in Pro ed; optional client/server
BibSonomyUniversity of Kassel2006-012016-12-023.7.0FreeYesAGPL, GPL, LGPL[2]centrally hosted website
BibusBibus developers2004-06-032009-12-011.5.1FreeYesGNU GPL
BookendsSonny Software1988 (Mac) / 1983 (Apple II+)2017-11-1013.0 [3]US$60[1]NoProprietaryintegrated web search, pdf download, auto-completion
CitaviSwiss Academic Software2006-02-132018-02-206.0US$70-949 / Free for projects up to 100 references[4]NoProprietarydata can be saved locally on the computer, or, for team access, in the Citavi Cloud or an intranet Microsoft SQL Server;[5] search databases from interface[6]
CiteULikeOversity Limited2004-11?FreeNoproprietary[7]centrally hosted website
colwizcolwiz Ltd20112016-05-09Free / Online storage free up to 3 GB / Additional storage space availableNoProprietaryDesktop (Win, Mac, Linux) & Web components, iOS and Android
EndNoteClarivate Analytics19882018-01-09X8.2US$299.95[1]NoProprietaryThe web version EndNote basic (formerly, EndNote Web) is free of charge
F1000WorkspaceF1000/Science Navigation Group2015-05Continually updated onlineInstitutional access – varies with size of institute / Personal subscription $9.99/month / Free Trial VersionNoProprietaryWeb-based, Microsoft Word plug-in (Win, Mac), Google Docs add-on, browser extension(s) Chrome, Firefox, Safari, Opera, Internet Explorer 11, mobile app available
JabRefJabRef developers2003-11-292017-10-044.0FreeYesMIT licenseJavaBibTeX and BibLaTeX manager
KBibTeXKBibTeX developers2005-082015-08-090.6FreeYesGNU GPLBibTeX front-end, using the KDE Software Compilation
MendeleyElsevier2008-0820171.17.10Free / Online storage free up to 2 GB / Additional storage space availableNoproprietary (OS API clients exist)Account required, Desktop & Web components, Windows, Linux, OS X, iPhone & iPad, Android
PaperpileStefan Washietl, Gregorgy Jordan, Andreas Gruber2013Continually updated onlineUS$2.99/month for academics, 9.99/month otherwiseNoProprietaryweb-application, integrates with Google Docs, collaboration & sharing features, currently only on Google Chrome
PapersLabtiva20072016-05-113.4.5US$79[1]NoProprietarysearch repositories from interface; supports plug-ins, Universal iOS app
Pybliographerpybliographer developers1998-10-30 (0.2)2017-10-061.2.18FreeYesGNU GPLPython/GTK2
QiqqaQiqqa2010-042016-09v79Free, Freemium and Premium versionsNoProprietaryDesktop; Tablet; Web; Intranet
ReadCubeLabtiva2011-102016-09-20v2.22.13732Free desktop & mobile app / Cloud Storage $5/month, $55/yearNoProprietaryDesktop (Mac/PC) & Web components, personalized recommendations, private group sharing, integrated web search, enhanced PDF reader, iOS App, Android
refbaserefbase developers2003-06-032014-02-280.9.6FreeYesGNU GPLweb-based for institutional repositories/self-archiving[8]
RefDBrefdb developers2001-04-252007-11-050.9.9FreeYesGNU GPLnetwork-transparent; XML/SGML bibliographies
Reference ManagerThomson Reuters1984201012.0.3Not for sale anymore, sales ceased December 31, 2015NoProprietarynetwork version; built-in web publishing tool; discontinued
ReferencerReferencer developers2008-03-152014-02-271.2.2FreeYesGNU GPLBibTeX front-end
RefWorksRefWorks / ProQuest20012013US$100 per yearNoProprietaryweb-based, browser-accessed, centrally hosted program
RefMERefME2014Shut down on March 7, 2017FreeNoProprietaryWeb, iOS and Android; Chrome and Safari Extensions available; discontinued
SciRefScientific Programs20122015-07-261.5US$38.90 / Free trial versionNoProprietary
SenteThird Street Software, Inc.200420156.7.9US$60–80[1] / Free for libraries up to 100 refsNoProprietaryDesktop and iPad, centralized backup/synching
WikindxMark Grimshaw2004-022014-084.2.2FreeYesGNU GPLweb-based
WizFolioWizPatent2008-062011-01AvataraUS$25 / Free Basic versionNoProprietarycentrally hosted website; discontinued, service ends December 2017
ZoteroRoy Rosenzweig Center for History and New Media at GMU20062017-075.0.4 [9]Free / Online storage free up to 300 MB / Additional storage space availableYesAGPLMulti-platform desktop version with connectors for Firefox, Chrome and Safari. Web-based access to reference library also available.

Operating system support[edit]

In the case of web applications, this describes the server OS. For centrally hosted websites that are proprietary, this is not applicable. Any client OS can connect to a web service unless stated otherwise in a footnote.

SoftwareWindowsMac OS XLinuxChromeOSBSDUnixiOS AppAndroid AppWindows App
AigaionYesYesYes?YesYesNoNoNo
BebopYesYesYes?YesYesNoNoNo
BibBaseN/AN/AN/AN/AN/AN/A???
BibDeskNoYesNo?NoNoThird-party - PocketBib??
BibSonomyN/AN/AN/AN/AN/AN/A???
BibusYesExperimentalYes?YesYesNoNoNo
BookendsNoYesNo?NoNoYes??
CitaviYesNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNo
CiteULikeN/AN/AN/AN/AN/AN/A???
colwizYesYesYes?YesYesYesYesNo
EndNoteYesYesNoNoNoNoYesNoNo
F1000WorkspaceYesYesNoNoNoNoYesYesNo
JabRefYesYesYesNoYesYesNoNoNo
KBibTeXExperimentalExperimentalYes?YesYesNoNoNo
MendeleyYesYesYesNoNoNoYesYesNo
PaperpileYesYesYesYesNo
(requires Chrome)
No
(requires Chrome)
NoNoNo
PapersNoYesNoNoNoNoYesthird party - EZPaperz[10] or Aziz, Lite![11]No
PybliographerPartial[12]Partial[12]Yes?YesYesNoNoNo
QiqqaYesNoNo?NoNoNoYesNo
ReadCubeYesYesNo?NoNoYesYesNo
refbaseYesYesYes?YesYesNoNoNo
RefDBYesYesYes?YesYesNoNoNo
Reference ManagerYes[13]NoNo?NoNoNoNoNo
ReferencerNoNoYes?NoNo???
RefWorks[14]YesYesYes?YesYes???
SciRefYesNoNo?NoNo???
SenteNoYesNo?NoNoYes[15]??
WikindxYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYes
WizFolioYesYesYes?YesYes???
ZoteroYesYesYes?YesYesthird partythird party - Aziz, Lite![11]No

Export file formats[edit]

This table lists the machine-readable file formats that can be exported from reference managers. These are typically used to share data with other reference managers or with other people who use a reference manager. To exchange data from one program to another, the first program must be able to export to a format that the second program may import. Import file formats are in a table below this one.

SoftwareBibTeXEndnote/Refer/BibIXMedlineMODS XMLRISOther
AigaionYesNoNoNoYesnone
BebopYesNoNoNoNounAPI
BibBaseYesNoNoNoNonone
BibDeskYesNoYesYesYesEndnote XML, user customizable
BibSonomyYesYesNoNoYesvarious [2]
BibusYesYesYesNoYesSQLite
BookendsYesYesYesNoYesvarious user-customizable
CitaviYesYesYesYesYesvarious
CiteULikeYesNoNoNoYesCOinS, Delicious
colwizYesYesNoYesYesEndNote XML, CSL formatted HTML
EndNoteYesYesYesNoYesvarious[16]
F1000WorkspaceYesNoNoNoYesCSV
JabRefYesYesNoYesYesBibTeXML, DocBook, HTML, OpenDocument for OO.o, RTF, SQL database, user-customizable
KBibTeXYesYesNoDepends[17]YesPDF, PostScript, HTML, XML, RTF
MendeleyYesYesNoNoYesEndnote XML
PaperpileYesNoNoNoYesnone
PapersYesYesNoNoYesBookends, CSV, Endnote XML, PDF
PybliographerYesYesYesNoNoOvid
ReadCubeYesYesNoNoYesnone
QiqqaYesNoNoNoNonone
refbaseYesYesNoYesYesCOinS, OpenDocument for OO.o, SRW XML via SRU, unAPI, Word XML
RefDBYesYesNoYesYesSRW XML via SRU web service, DocBook, TEI
Reference ManagerNoNoNoNoYesMEDLARS, TSV, CSV, Reference Manager XML, user-customizable
ReferencerYesNoNoNoNonone
RefWorksYesYesNoNoYesvarious[18]
SciRefNoNoNoNoYesPlain text, RTF
SenteYesYesNoNoYesuser-customizable
WikindxYesYesNoYesYesCOinS, RTF, HTML, ADS, Word BIB
WizFolioNoNoNoNoYesNo
ZoteroYesYesas of version 4.0[19]YesYesCOinS, CSV, Several RDF format standards, TEI, Wikipedia citation templates, Endnote XML, CSL JSON, Refer/BiblX, RefWorks tagged

Import file formats[edit]

This table lists the file formats which may be manually imported into the reference managers without needing to connect to one particular database. Many of these database companies use the same name for their file format as they do for their database (including Copac, CSA, ISI, Medline, Ovid, PubMed, and SciFinder). For the ability to retrieve citations from the particular databases (rather than the file format), please refer to the database connectivity table that is below this table.

SoftwareBibTeXCopacCSAEndnote/Refer/BibIXISIMedlineMODS XMLOvidPubMedRISSciFinderOther
AigaionYesNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoYesNonone
BebopYesNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNonone
BibBaseYesNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNonone
BibDeskYesYesNoYesYesYesYesNoYesYesYesMARC, JSTOR, Reference Miner
BiblioscapeYesYesYesYesYesYesNoYesYesYesYes ?
BibSonomyYesNoNoYesNoNoNoNoNoNoNoFirefox bookmarks
BibusYesNoNoYesYesYesNoNoNoYesNonone
BookendsYesYesYesYesYesYesNoYesYesYesYesvarious [3]; user-customizable
CitaviYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesvarious
CiteULikeYesNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoYesNonone
colwizYesNoNoYesYesYesNoNoYesYesNowith built-in browser, bookmarklet
EndNoteNoNoYesYesYesYesNoYesYesYesYesvarious[20]
F1000WorkspaceYesNoNoYesNoYesNoNoYesYes

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