Uk Road Camera Types Assignment

A driver was caught driving at 100mph on the M6 in Warwickshire on Friday night.

The speeding vehicle was clocked by traffic cops as they sat on the hard shoulder of the busy motorway at around 7.30pm.

The driver has now been ordered to appear in court.

A short while later that same evening, a lorry was spotted by police on the nearby M69 hitting speeds of 88mph.

There are a total of 15 types of camera which are used on our nation's roads every day, as the Birmingham Mail reports.

Some are there to catch speeders, others red light jumpers, and police also use them to check number plates and see if the car's been taxed.

To give you an idea about what's out there, here's a run-down of some of the types of camera most likely to be watching you on the road.

Hadecs 3

HADECS stands for the Highways Agency Digital Enforcement Camera System, and they're some of the newest speed cameras to be installed on UK roads.

They're often found on motorways - including the M6 and M42 - because they can monitor up to five lanes at any one time.

They're known by some drivers as 'stealth cameras' because they're small in size and painted grey, instead of the usual bright yellow. This makes them tricky to spot at the road side.


SPECS average speed cameras tend to be located on motorways. They're found in multiple locations along the same stretch of road to monitor your average speed.

Average speed camera systems can monitor four lanes at the same time. Sets of these cameras are often mounted on gantries above the road.

They're equipped with Automatic Number Plate Recognition (ANPR) and infra-red illuminators which allow them to photograph each vehicle that passes them whatever the weather.

Data is then sent to another set of cameras further down the road - at a minimum of 200 metres apart - to monitor your average speed.

The cameras store vehicle registration plate details with a date and time stamp, and anyone goes above the speed limit is automatically issued a speeding fine.

Again, unlike other speed cameras, these don't use film so there's no limit to the number of speeding drivers they can help prosecute.

Traffic Light camera

Traffic light cameras use sensors to monitor any vehicle which drives over the sensor at the time the traffic lights turn red.

The camera can also check a driver's speed, so you could well find yourself in trouble for committing a speeding offence as well as a traffic offence if you jump a red light.


These are the most common type of speed camera.

They use radar technology to check your speed.

If a motorist is speeding, these cameras will take several photos of the vehicle and its registration plate.

Gatso speed cameras are always rear facing, to avoid the flash dazzling oncoming drivers. They're often seen in 30mph zones.


Truvelo speed cameras are forward facing and use sensors in the road to calculate a driver's speed.

There are four sensors in total, and the camera measures the time it takes for the vehicle to drive over each one to work out the speed.

It will then take photos of the vehicle - and its driver - at the time of the offence.

What happens if I get caught speeding?

The minimum penalty for speeding on Britain's roads is a £100 fine and three penalty points added to your licence.

You could be disqualified from driving if you get 12 or more penalty points within a three-year period.

If you get caught by a speed camera, the vehicle's registered keeper will be sent a notice of intended prosecution within 14 days. Ignoring the notice could land you in court.

If you're a new driver and still within two years of passing your test, your driving licence will be revoked if you build up six or more penalty points.

You're driving along and you see a camera on the road up ahead.

But how do you know what type of traffic camera it is?

Not all of them are out to catch speeding motorists - there are various types, with different functions.

Our sister paper the Chronicle has been having a look at the different varieties, what they mean - and whether they can land you with a fine.

Gatso - YES

Since the introduction of speed cameras on Britain’s roads in 1992, it’s the Gatsometer BV speed camera which has become the most commonly used camera on the UK’s roads.

They are found all over the country, particularly near accident black-spots.

Mobile camera - YES

Operated by police officers — these devices are hand-held or mounted in vans that are normally parked in lay-bys. The speed cameras either use laser or radar technology.

They can appear anywhere at any time.

Highways Agency CCTV cameras - NO

They are used to mon­i­tor traf­fic flows pri­mar­ily for the pur­poses of traf­fic man­age­ment. They also pro­vide the Highways England with a valu­able appre­ci­a­tion of how road-users make use of the net­work. This knowl­edge helps ensure future public-funded invest­ment is made most effectively.

They are not used to catch speeding motorists, they are found on motorways and major A-roads.


These big boys are able to monitor four lanes simultaneously, sets of these cameras are mounted on gantries. These are equipped with Automatic Number Plate Recognition (ANPR) and photograph every vehicle that passes beneath them.

The data is then sent to another set of cameras further down the road (a minimum of 200m away).

The time that it takes for the vehicle to travel between these two set points is established, and as a result, a motorist’s average speed between the two points is worked out. Speed fines can result.

Fitted with infra-red illuminators, they work night and day, and in all weathers.

They are found on motorways and dual carriageways all over the country.

Police Automatic Number Plate Recognition (ANPR) - DEPENDS

These record number plates of every passing vehicle, then store information to ‘help detect, deter and disrupt criminality at a local, force, regional and national level’.

Records can be accessed for up to two years.

If a vehicle is of interest to police, officers monitoring it can order a patrol car team to stop the driver and, if necessary, make an arrest. So you couls end up with a fine...but not for speeding.

They are found across the country.

Highways England ANPR Camera - NO

The Highways England utilises Automatic Number Plate Recognition ANPR cam­eras, iden­ti­fi­able by their bright green hous­ings, to sup­port traf­fic man­age­ment by send­ing data to the NTOC from which traf­fic flow infor­ma­tion is cal­cu­lated.

The ANPR cam­eras do not cap­ture individual num­ber plates pass­ing a cam­era instal­la­tion – they are used to determine traffic levels. There are restric­tions, in accor­dance with the Data Pro­tec­tion Act 1998, on the Highways England’s use and stor­age of data from these cam­eras.

The ANPR data is per­ma­nently encrypted at the moment of ‘cap­ture’ into a non-unique text string to pre­vent iden­ti­fi­ca­tion of indi­vid­ual vehi­cles (i.e. full num­ber plate details are not recorded or stored).

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