Show More"A family is a small social group of people related by ancestry or affection, who share common values and goals, who may live together in the same dwelling, and who may participate in the bearing and raising of children. They have a physical or emotional connection with each other that is ongoing" (Vissing, 2011) and is the foundation of all societies. They can be formed by a grouping of father-mother-children or even more complicated combination of relatives. In the primary stage of family life in the United States, everyone from every generation lived together in one house. Subsequently, the idea of traditional family evolved and a married couple with children is at present, often called the traditional family. There are many types…show more content…
The term family was often interchanged with the term marriage and to have a family was also thought of having a significant other, plus each family member had to carry out his or her own part. This definition was thought to be the norm for many centuries and was named the traditional family. Theories in sociology provide us with different perspectives with which to view our society, and specifically, the traditional family. Functionalism, for instance, believes in traditions. Functionalists tend to emphasize the origin of customs, and in America, a single parent family is not an origin of a custom. It is also believed in the theory that the family is a positive institution and meets the needs of an advanced industrial society for a socially mobile workforce. Functionalists highlight the ideal family type in a modern society, as the nuclear family. According to sociologist George Murdock, the view of the nuclear family comprises of a breadwinner husband and dependant wife with children. It is a very optimistic view of the family, which sees the interaction of the family with other institutions as a well-balanced contribution to social solidarity. It looks at what the nuclear family does for the whole of society, not just certain people, on a macro level. Anthropologist, George P. Murdock (1949) argued that the nuclear family is at the heart of society and essential for its smooth running. Moreover, functionalism
Essay about sociology and the family
1732 WordsNov 29th, 20137 Pages
You will refer to statistical evidence when discussing the variety of family and household types. You will be required to reference your work throughout and produce a correct and current bibliography to demonstrate that you have used different sources to obtain your information.
Sociology and the Family
The Nuclear Family generally consists of a Mother, a Father and at least 1 child, this image of a family is thought to of come about at the time of the Industrial Revolution. (Willmott and Young) believe that an increase in the Nuclear Family was the result of the Industrialization. They found that during pre-industrial times, the most common type of family structure, was that of the Extended Family (Extended Family can take…show more content…
Martin (2012) explains that British children are among the least likely to live with both Biological Parents by the time they reach age 14, statistics show that in Britain this is just 68.9%, whilst the same statistics in France are 79.5% and Finland at the highest with 95.2%.
Changes in the different Family types will be outlined with evidence in the following pages showing Evidence and Statistics.
Browne (2008) tells us that whilst Marriage is the usual type of relationship between Men and Women, Marriages where it’s the first time for both partners, is on a high scale decline, numbers have at least halved since 1970. This means that there are now more Reconstituted Families (families where at least one spouse will have children from a previous relationship), also knows as Step-Families. This is the fastest growing family type as now nearly half of Marriages involve a second marriage for at least one of the partners, reflecting an increase in Divorce Rates.
The most recent studies show that 42% of Marriages now end in Divorce and that they are on the increase, although recent statistics contradict this fact, as they show that Divorce Rates are decreasing each year. In 2011, there were 117,588 divorces, compared to 121,779 in 2008, and a staggering 153,176 in 2003, a decrease of 30% in 8 years (ONS, 2008-2011)
South African divorce rates are also decreasing, between 2005 and 2011, the numbers fell, from 32,484 to 20,980, a difference of 55% (SSA).